SAG/Ball Mill Optimization | KnowledgeScape

GrindingExpert™ isn't just about SAG mills. Our GrindingExpert™ solutions include ball mill strategies that achieve the target grind size while maximizing throughput, or when the circuit is SAG mill limited, achieve the finest grind size possible, thus increasing mineral liberation and recovery.

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DEM Simulation of Mill Charge in 3D via GPU Computing

Discrete Element Method simulation of charge motion in ball, SAG and autogenous mills has become a standard for lifter design, power draft evaluation, etc. Both two-dimensional and three-dimensional codes are being used. The two-dimensional code dominates the user market since the code completes a simulation in one or two hours.

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KnowledgeScape

Increase SAG mill and ball mill tonnage with better efficiency. The GrindingExpert™ solution will automatically adjust feed rate, mill speed and water addition to reduce upsets, eliminate grind-outs and increase tonnage in SAG / ball mills. Our solution utilizes cutting edge smart sensors to analyze incoming ore properties and measure the ...

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AG - Autogenous & SAG Semi-Autogenous Mill Design Calculations

A ball charge volume which is lower than those tested has been selected in order to minimize wear. Obviously, the SAG mill is consuming more and the ball mill less power than was predicted by the empirical method, but the overall total is 99.5% of the predicted total. Examples

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SAGMILLING.COM .:. Home

Sagmilling.com is home to a collection of both free and subscription-based calculation tools to aid metallurgical process engineers perform comminution calculations. Grinding circuit design tools, including for SAG mill-ball mill circuits, and geometallurgy energy models are available to subscribers.

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Design of the 40 foot SAG Mill Installed at the Cadia Gold ...

The design of the 40-foot diameter SAG mill installed at the Cadia Gold ... SAG mill and two ball mills in closed circuit with cyclones. ... basis was a SABC circuit of 8% ball charge. Maximum SAG ...

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LOCKED CHARGE STARTS AND YOUR GRINDING MILL Jeff …

LOCKED CHARGE STARTS AND YOUR GRINDING MILL Authors: Jeff Belke & Mitch Bertrand Damaged radial bearing. Output SEAP September 2012 / 2 CAUSES SAG and ball mills with grate discharge are not prone to locked charge events because of the high amount of rocks and balls compared ... throwing ball charge Most mills are designed with a

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Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills | FL

Rely on our proven track record of SAG and AG Mill superiority. Since the early 1980s, we have been designing and manufacturing Semi-Autogenous (SAG) and Autogenous (AG) Grinding Mills under the Fuller-Traylor brand. Semi-autogenous grinding uses a minimal ball charge in the range of 6-15% while autogenous grinding uses ore only.

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Ball Mill Critical Speed & Working Principle - YouTube

Jun 20, 2015· Learn about Ball Mill Critical Speed and its effect on inner charge movements. The effect of Ball Mill RPM speed going from sub-critical to super-critical helps understand the Ball Mill Working ...

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Ball Size Analysis in SAG Grinding - Grinding ...

Discussions in relation to (top) ball size need to include ball hardness/ or hardness profile as well, particularly within the context of how a SAG mill is operated; i.e. SSAG, SABC, feed ore size and hardness (coarse feed, fine feed, etc).

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Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills -

intermediate size ready for final grinding in a ball mill, pebble mill, or VERTIMILLTM. Wet grinding is accomplished in a slurry of 50 to 80 percent solids. AG/SAG mills can accomplish the same size reduction work as two or three stages of crushing and screening, a rod mill, and some or all of the work of a ball mill.

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The Selection and Design of Mill Liners - MillTraj

The Selection and Design of Mill Liners . ... The second primary function of a liner is to transfer rotary motion of the mill to the grinding media and charge. After all, it is the interface between the mill and the grinding charge. ... Was generally used for mill liners (AG, SAG and Ball) prior to the movement to higher carbon content steels ...

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What's the difference of Ball mill, SAG mill, AG mill?

Attrition mill is a type of grinding mill by kinds of media to crush lump to powder-like substances. The impact can be rock on rock such as in an Autogenous Grinding (AG) mill, rock and a small ball charge (~10%), used in Semi Autogenous Grinding (SAG) mills, balls of various sizes in Ball Mills and less commonly these days, steel rods in Rod Mills.

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SAG-MILL Ball charge - Grinding & Classification Circuits ...

maximum ball size should be checked against existing formulae, such as Bond's ball size recommendation. Hard ores are best ground with high ball charge levels and high mill speeds. Soft ores are best ground with lower ball charge levels and lower mill speeds. Media quality is rarely a problem if you are buying from a reputable ball vendor.

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ME Elecmetal Grinding Apps - ME Elecmetal · Global ...

SAG mills • Determination of your SAG mill's power draw characteristics. • SAG Mill Steel Charge Estimation tool provides an estimate of the percent steel in the charge of your SAG mill based on the power draw and the total charge volume. • Ball impact energy chart to determine the impact energy of balls as a function of mill diameters.

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Keeping an eye out for grinding mill dropped charge and ...

Nov 06, 2019· In all three cases (Ball, SAG or AG mill), when the equipment is stopped, the material inside can dry up over time to form a solidified charge. When the mill is restarted, the solidified charge needs to break and tumble, otherwise a problematic dropped charge can form. Affected mill integrity . Mill shells are typically manufactured out of mild ...

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INNOVATION NEWS Mills and GMDs - ABB Ltd

reliable drive system for SAG mills. Early SAG mills had a diameter of about 32', later increasing to 34, 36, 38 and 40'. At the same time the mill volume also increased. Typically a SAG mill has a much larger diameter compared to its length. Yet the SAG mill of Newmont's Yanacocha mine in Peru is a single stage mill (no ball mill after ...

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SINGLE STAGE SAG/AG MILLING DESIGN

SAG mill (4% ball charge, 90% Nc) A cross between AG and SAG for average competency, abrasive ores. Typically operated in RSA on Witwatersrand Gold Ore Driefontein (Underground), Kloof, Jacobina 6 SAG mill with recycle crusher (8 – 15% ball charge) Competent ores, better suited to coarse grind sizes. High aspect mills are recommended to ...

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SAG Mill Grinding Circuit Design

SAG mill liner change-out life/cycle vs. tons/kg consumed. Ball mill liner efficiency based on liner geometry and its influence on kW-hours/ton, total tons/life cycle, and P80 transfer to cyclones. Ball mill grind is based on different principle; it has some attributes similar to SAG mill optimization.

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Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills - ScienceDirect

The SAG mill had a 6–8% ball charge and the power consumption was 8 kWh/t, which agreed well with the expected value. 9.6. Problems. 9.1. In an SAG mill the dimensions of the mill were 9.75 m × 3.5 m and the specific gravities of the mineral and that of the balls charged were 4.1 and 7.9, respectively.

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SAG Mill Ball Sizing - Grinding & Classification Circuits ...

Optimum ball charge in a SAG mill is a function of many factors. Some are discussed below. For a SAB or SABC circuit. In general, the higher the ball charge the higher the throughput (and fine feed helps as well). Of course, you need a bigger ball mill. But, high ball loads mean higher ball …

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AMIT 135: Lesson 7 Ball Mills & Circuits – Mining Mill ...

For overflow ball mills, the charge should not exceed 45% of the mill volume . For grate discharge mills, the charge should occupy about 50% of the mill volume . Bond developed a relationship that can be used to determine the percent charge by volume as a function of the vertical height above the charge, He, and the radius of the mill, R, i.e.,

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Optimization of mill performance by using

Stresses, generated in the ball charge, increase, which may result in spalling of balls and blocking the grate discharge. Optimization of mill performance by using online ball and pulp measurements by B. Clermont* and B. de Haas* Synopsis Ball mills are usually the largest consumers of energy within a mineral concentrator.

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sag mill ball charge calculation - ellaurel.ch

SAG mills use a ball charge of 8 to 21%. … »More detailed. Get price. GROSS POWER CALCULATOR . Pictures of the insides of an AG mill and a SAG mill which have been crash stopped are shown in Figures 5 and 6 respectively. Accurate measurements of the ball filling can only be made after the mill is ground out. In this case the mill is operated ...

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Outotec Grinding Mills - Outotec

We offer autogenous (AG), semi-autogenous (SAG), ball, rod, and pebble mills in sizes ranging from kWs up to 30+ MW. Our product range also includes a number of unique solutions, including the world's largest acid-resistant grinding mills, which can operate with extremely corrosive slurry.

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Choosing a SAG Mill to Achieve Design Performance

by volume load. Recent studies in the three-foot diameter SAG mill are instructive. The following graph shows the relevant facts as Figure 2. Figure 2: Pilot Plant kg/hr Vs Charge % by Volume This data is indicative of trends that were happening in the 3-ft. diameter SAG pilot mill. They have not been proven in large commercial scale mills.

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Difference Between Sag Mill vs Ball Mill - mech4study

Oct 12, 2017· Ball mill is a fine grinder. A horizontal or vertical rotating cylinder which is filled partially with the balls of ceramics, small rocks and balls made from stainless steel. The ball charge of a SAG mill is about 29% to 30%. By friction and influence of tumbling balls inside rotating cylinder grinds the raw material to the required fineness.

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Mill (grinding) - Wikipedia

SAG is an acronym for semi-autogenous grinding. SAG mills are autogenous mills that also use grinding balls like a ball mill. A SAG mill is usually a primary or first stage grinder. SAG mills use a ball charge of 8 to 21%. The largest SAG mill is 42' (12.8m) in diameter, powered by a 28 MW (38,000 HP) motor.

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A Method to Determine the Ball Filling, in Miduk Copper ...

Keywords: Miduk Copper oncentrator, SAG Mill, Ball Filling Percentage Introduction Semi-autogenous (SAG) mills are presently one of the most widely used alternatives in the field of mineral size reduction, as a result of their comparative ... Ball charge program, - Average ball abrasion, - Maximum ball abrasion, - Minimum ball abrasion.

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Mill Steel Charge Volume Calculation

We can calculate the steel charge volume of a ball or rod mill and express it as the % of the volume within the liners that is filled with grinding media. While the mill is stopped, the charge volume can be gotten by measuring the diameter inside the liners and the distance from the top of the charge to the top of the mill.

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